Broken Bones and Fractures
A fracture is the medical term for a broken bone
A bone fracture is the medical definition for a broken bone. Broken Bones and Fractures are a very common injury and can affect anyone at all age. Fractures are usually caused by traumas like falls, car accidents or sports injuries. But some medical conditions and repetitive forces (like running) can increase your risk for experiencing certain types of fractures.
Broken Bones and Fractures are the same injury and mean the same thing. A fracture is the medical term for a broken bone, so your Orthopedic Specialist will probably refer to your broken bone as a certain type of fracture after they diagnose it. Shreya Hospital at Ghaziabad is the best treatment center for Broken Bones and Fractures.
If you break a bone, you might need surgery to repair it. Some people only need a splint, cast, brace or sling for their bone to heal. How long it takes to recover fully depends on which of your bones are fractured, where the fracture is and what caused it.
Different Types of Broken Bones and Fractures :
There are many different types of fractures. Your provider will diagnose a specific fracture type depending on a few criteria, including its:
- Pattern: A fracture pattern is the medical term for the shape of a break or what it looks like.
- Cause: Some fractures are classified by how they happen.
- Body part: Where in your body your broke a bone.
Diagnosed by pattern or shape
Some fractures are classified by their pattern. This can either be the direction a break goes (if it’s a straight light across your bone) or its shape (if it’s more than a single line break).
Fractures that have a single straight-line break include:
- Oblique fractures.
- Transverse fractures.
- Longitudinal fractures (breaks that happen along the length of the bone).
Fracture patterns that don’t break your bone in a single straight line include:
- Greenstick fractures.
- Comminuted fractures.
- Segmental fractures.
- Spiral fractures.
Diagnosed by cause
A few types of fractures are named or classified by what causes them. These include:
- Stress fractures (sometimes referred to as hairline fractures).
- Avulsion fractures.
- Buckle fractures (sometimes referred to as torus or impacted fractures).
Diagnosed by location
Lots of fractures are specific to where they happen in your body. In some cases, it’s possible to experience a location-based fracture that’s also one of the other types listed above. For example, someone who experiences a severe fall might have a commuted tibia (shin bone) fracture.
Fractures that affect people’s chest, arms and upper body include:
- Clavicle fractures (broken collarbones).
- Shoulder fractures.
- Humerus (upper arm bone) fractures.
- Elbow fractures.
- Rib fractures.
- Compression fractures.
- Facial fractures.
Some fractures that can affect your hands or wrists include:
- Barton fractures.
- Chauffeur fractures.
- Colles fractures.
- Smith fractures.
- Scaphoid fractures.
- Metacarpal fractures (breaking any of the bones in your hand that connect your wrist to your fingers).
Fractures that damage the bones in your lower body and legs include:
- Pelvic fractures.
- Acetabular fractures.
- Hip fractures.
- Femur fractures.
- Patella fractures.
- Growth plate fractures.
- Tibia (your shin bone) and fibula (your calf bone) fractures.
Fractures that affect your feet and ankles are more likely to have complications like nonunion. They include:
- Calcaneal stress fractures.
- Fifth metatarsal fractures.
- Jones fractures.
- Lisfranc fractures.
- Talus fractures.
- Trimalleolar fractures.
- Pilon fractures.