The study of numerous hormones, their functions, and diseases of the body is known as endocrinology. Hormones are produced by the glands. These are chemicals that aid in the regulation of bodily functions and have a variety of impacts on things like growth and development, reproduction, food absorption, and metabolism.
Additionally, hormones regulate how an organism reacts to its environment and support by giving it enough energy to carry out various tasks.
The pineal, hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus, adrenals, pancreas, ovaries, and testes are among the glands that make up the endocrine system.
A specialist doctor with a foundational background in internal medicine is an endocrinologist.
An endocrinologist is the only one who can identify, diagnose, and treat patients with certain conditions like hypothyroidism, which solely affects the endocrine system.
The endocrinologist may need a broader grasp of medicine to recognise and collaborate with another expert (a gynaecologist in situations of infertility) for other problems that may also have endocrine origins, such as infertility.
What our endocrinologists do?
By assisting in reestablishing the body’s normal hormonal balance, endocrinologists are qualified to identify and treat hormonal disorders and abnormalities. Diabetes mellitus and thyroid issues are two prevalent endocrine system illnesses and disorders that endocrinologists treat.
One of the conditions endocrinologists see most frequently is this one. This happens when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin hormone, which causes blood sugar levels to rise and harm multiple organs.
Diabetes is managed by endocrinologists using diet and insulin and other drugs that lower blood sugar. Additionally, they continuously monitor and regulate patients’ blood sugar levels in order to help them avoid developing health issues.
This might indicate either an underactive or hyperactive thyroid, or hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, respectively.
Depending on whether a patient has hypothyroidism, endocrinologists treat patients to achieve a hormone balance by replenishing or inhibiting thyroid hormone.