Shreya Hospital Pulmonologist
A doctor who focuses on respiratory illnesses is called a pulmonologist. Lungs, airways (pharynx, larynx, mouth, and trachea), and respiratory muscles (diaphragm and intercostal muscles) are all included in this.
A specialisation of internal medicine is pulmonaryology, often referred to as chest medicine in some nations. From bronchitis and asthma to lung cancer and COPD, pulmonologists are skilled in the treatment of a broad variety of respiratory illnesses and problems. It takes at least 13 years of study and training to become a pulmonologist, and in certain cases longer for subspecialties.
Diagnose, manage, and prevent respiratory disorders are all skills that pulmonologists are educated in. They also have a thorough grasp of how respiratory illnesses affect other interrelated organ systems. Some respiratory conditions are primary, meaning they start in the respiratory system, while others are secondary, meaning they develop as a result of another disorder.
For some disorders, a pulmonologist may be the only specialist, or they may be a member of a care team that also includes a primary care physician, an oncologist, a rheumatologist, a thoracic surgeon, a cardiac specialist, a geneticist, an allergist, a respiratory therapist, and a critical care expert.
The following are some of the ailments a pulmonologist can identify and handle:
Athma: Chronic wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing are all symptoms of asthma.
Bronchiectasis: Damage to and expansion of the major bronchial airways leads to the disease known as bronchiectasis.
Bronchitis: Acute or persistent airway inflammation known as bronchitis is typically brought on by an infection.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are two of the inflammatory and obstructive lung disorders that make up chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Fibrosis: An genetic, fatal condition called cystic fibrosis is marked by an excessive amount of mucus in the digestive system and lungs.
Interstitial lung disease (ILD): A catch-all name for a variety of conditions that result in lung scarring (fibrosis), typically as a result of exposure to toxins or an autoimmune condition.
Lung Cancer: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are two types of lung cancer.
Asbestosis: Occupational lung conditions such hypersensitivity pneumonitis, byssinosis (brown lung disease), and asbestosis.
Pleura: The accumulation of fluid between the pleura, the membranes that cover the lung, most frequently occurs as a result of heart failure or lung inflammation.
Peumonia: One or both of the lungs may become infected with pneumonia, which enlarges the alveoli (air sacs) and causes them to swell with fluid or pus.